Racist attacks on trains have increased with four reported to police every day.
A total of 1,468 allegations of “racially aggravated crimes” were recorded by the British Transport Police in 2014.
That is around 100 more than in 2013, and reports have increased by 8.7% over the past three years.
Of the incidents, 185 were racially aggravated common assaults and 42 racially aggravated assaults causing actual bodily harm.
The figures were obtained through a Freedom of Information request and released by the Press Association.
Mick Cash, from The National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT), said: “These are shocking new statistics which show a marked increase in racially aggravated incidents, exposing the sheer complacency of rail and tube bosses despite a weight of recent evidence suggesting that the safety of passengers and staff is being compromised.
“De-staffed stations and trains, alongside over-stretched and overcrowded services, are core factors in this increase in racially motivated incidents as far as our members are concerned.”
A spokesman for British Transport Police said: “Any crime or incident of anti-social behaviour which is motivated by racial hatred is particularly abhorrent and British Transport Police is working hard to drive such behaviour from the railway.
“Part of this drive is encouraging victims, and those who witness crimes, to report such behaviour to police; only by understanding the true scale and nature of the problem, can we hope to develop lasting solutions that will give all travellers and rail staff an environment as free from hate crime as possible.”
Last month, a woman was filmed on the London Underground attacking two Eastern European men saying “you can only speak English on my train”.
This follows several high-profile racist attacks by football fans.
In February, five Chelsea fans allegedly stopped a black man from getting on the Paris Metro during a trip to an away match, accompanied by racist chants.
Footage also emerged in February of a group of suspected West Ham fans chanting anti-Semitic abuse on a train in Stamford Hill, London.
British Transport police say you can report an incident by texting 61016 from a mobile phone or call 0800 40 50 40.