Balochistan, the resource-rich province of Pakistan, appears to have been attracting the attention of foreign predators, usurpers and imperialistic powers who intend to expand their influence in the region to gain control of minerals and other economic resources. Unfortunately, Balochistan lacks technological prowess and economic resources to exploit its minerals and untapped resources. In this context, Pakistan sought China’s help in developing Gwadar into an international port with a future plan to link it with Kashgar (China). China had extended economic and technical cooperation in developing Gwadar into a deep sea port. This development created strategic irritations among certain powers including USA, India, Iran and Afghanistan. Chinese signatures in Gwadar are perceived as a threat to US influence in the region by monitoring the US in the Persian Gulf and CARS. No doubt, Gwadar deep sea port has great potential to boost Pakistan’s economy; and mineral resources of Balochistan could bring prosperity not only to the people of Balochistan but also entire Pakistan.
Since the last year, when Pakistan gave management and control of Gwadar Port to China, many rivaling eyes have started their pernicious plans to destabilize Pakistan. Unfortunately, certainforeign agencies including CIA and RAW are using Baloch dissidents and anti-Pakistan NGOs like American Friends of Balochistan – a Washington-based NGO – which works for Indian lobby. An individual, Ahmer Masti Khan, a man with shady character and sold-out soul, also actively works to promote their agenda in Gwadar, who writes letters to Oman embassy in Washington seeking help of Sultan Qaboos to defeat the alleged Pak-China Plan by taking over Gwadar. He distorts history that Gwadar was part of Oman, disregarding the fact that Gwadar was purchased from Oman by Pakistan in 1958 during Ayub Khan’s regime. He is still living in USA and does not come to Balochistan frequently. People like Ahmer Masti Khan cannot be the spokespersons for Baloch people. He has also been writing against BLA and its leadership.
Last week, a strike and ‘Black Day’ was observed in parts of Balochistan in response to a call by the Baloch Salvation Front (BSF) to protest against, what it said, the annexation of Kalat state by Pakistan on March 27, 1948. The BSF spokesman said Baloch people had nothing to do with Pakistan’s political or civil privileges or electoral process to form the so-called political government, which according to him, dominated by powerful institutions of the state. The nation and patriotic media now understand the vile acts of centrifugal forces that include Baloch Salvation Front, Baloch Republican Army, Baloch Liberation Army, and other myriad Baloch dissident groups. They have been distorting facts of history and telling lies that Balochistan was forcibly annexed by Pakistan. It has to be mentioned that Khan of Kalat was head of a small tribe namely Brohi, who had assured that nobody would create problems for the British. Thus he was made head of the Confederacy by the British, which was more of a norm to extend its influence in the region and elsewhere.
In fact, Baloch people were not supportive of Khan of Kalat and had a different perception, which was evidenced by Mekran, Kharan and Lasbela’s decision of acceding to Pakistan. Khan of Kalat being an intelligent man could visualize that with the coastal line states joining Pakistan, Kalat would become landlocked. Therefore, signing the document to join Pakistan appeared to be his well-considered decision. It was wrong to say that Khan of Kalat was forced to sign the accession at gunpoint. The fact is well-documented that Kharan, Lasbela and Mekran had applied for accession to Pakistan. Mir Habibullah Khan Ruler of Kharan had written to the Quaid that he had repudiated supremacy of Kalat, and vowed to accede to Pakistan. It is an indisputable fact that the British used to give stipends to sardars, but a major portion was given to the chieftains of the tribes. However, after independence, sardars pocketed all perks and privileges, and became owners of the resources without sharing them with their chieftains and tribals.
As acknowledged by the UN and international community, Balochistan is an integral part of Pakistan. It has the history of supporting Resolution of Pakistan-1940, which envisaged creation of a separate homeland for Muslim majority areas of Indian sub-continent. No doubt, Baloch leaders and people of Balochistan played a very vital role in creation of Pakistan and ultimately succeeded under the leadership and guidance of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Unfortunately, there have been certain dissident elements who not only opposed the idea of two nation theory – the fundamental ideological base for creation of Pakistan – but also tried to poison the minds of innocent Baloch youth by distorting the history of Balochistan’s accession to Pakistan. In reality before the independence of Pakistan the territories now consolidated into the province of Balochistan did not constitute a settled province. Apart from Quetta District that was administrated under civil law, the rest of the territory was administrated under Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCRs).
Government of British India constituted a special body of tribal elders known as “Shahi Jirga” for consultation by Assistant Governor General (AGG) on local issues relating British Balochistan. On 29th June 1947 “Shahi Jirga” of British Balochistan as representative body of AGG along with elected members of Quetta Municipal Body unanimously passed a resolution of forming part of Pakistan. The State of Kalat had customary over-lordship on States of Kharan, Makran and Lasbela. As these three states decided to join Pakistan in March 1948, the Khan of Kalat (KoK) also acceded with Pakistan on 27th March 1948. The brother of KoK having mustered 130 tribesmen started insurgency in 1948 which never took off ground and the matter was brought under control. It means that people of Balochistan reject the politics of dissident sardars. People of Balochistan, especially the youth are very loyal and patriotic Pakistanis who believe in unity and sovereignty of Pakistan. They cannot be misled by elusive designs of greedy leaders who observe 27th March as the Black Day.